Groningen has been deemed the fourth most sustainable city in the Netherlands, following Alkmaar, Amsterdam and Utrecht.
The list of the most sustainable Dutch cities was created by Natuur & Milieu, which compared 42 of the most populous municipalities in the Netherlands.
The rankings were based on a dozen indicators, including the number of electric car charging stations, amount of solar energy generated and the presence of environmental zones where particularly polluting vehicles are banned. Groningen scored particularly well on emissions, waste processing and purchasing green energy.
In the wider northern region, Groningen performed considerably better than other local cities: Leeuwarden came in 31st, and Emmen came in second to last in 41st place.